FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) is an American nonprofit organization founded in 1989, whose main goal is connecting children and teens to science and technology. The organization does this through robotics competitions for groups of all ages, from children in preschool to high school students.
One of the organization’s goals is to imprint values such as leadership, teamwork, sportsmanship, self-confidence and communication in the students participating in the program.
Dean Kamen, FIRST's founder, wanted to create a program which would combine sports and technology, and would inspire students to perform acts of leadership and pursue a future in science and technology.
FRC- (FIRST Robotics Competition) is the competiton FIRST offers to high school students. The competition begins on the first Saturday of every January, when teams worldwide (there are approximately 4000 FRC teams) receive the year’s challenge and guidelines, from NASA’s live feed. From that moment, each team has 6 and a half weeks, in which they need to plan, sketch, manufacture, build, code, and connect electronics to their robot.
At the end of the build season, regional competitions are held around the world. The competition is played as several matches between 2 alliances, which each have 3 robots. The comptitions are 3 days long- training day; qualification day, at the end of which all robots are ranked by their match results; and finals day. Finals are played in a best out of 3 method. The winning alliance in every regional advances to the FRC Championship, which is held in the United States.